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Latin Name: Asparagus racemosus

Synonyms: Asparagus volubilis

Category: Adaptogen

Common Name: Shatavari, Wild Asparagus, Sparrow Grass

Sanskrit Name: Satavari, Kurilo, Satmuli, Shatmuli, Satawari, Satawar


Cool Facts: Shatavari in Sanscrit means "one who possesses a hundred husbands." Is is a rasayana, a rejuvinative and restorative herb. It is commonly used in Ayurveda to treat female reproductive problems such as infertility.

Family: Liliaceae

Energy: Cold, Moist

Taste: Sweet, Bitter

Parts Used: Processed Roots, Spring Shoots

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Codonopsis pilosula photo

Latin Name: Codonopsis pilosula

Category: Adaptogen

Common Name: Codonopsis, Bonnet Bellflower, Bastarg Ginseng

Chinese Name: Dang Shen, Tang Shen


Cool Facts: Codonopsis is called "Poor Man's Ginseng." It can be used as a tasty, sweet energy tonic in food. Toss a few pieces into rice or put it into soups or teas.

Family: Campanulaceae

Energy: Moist, Slightly Warm

Taste: Sweet

Parts Used: Root

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Latin Name: Codonopsis tangshen

Category: Adaptogen

Common Name: Codonopsis, Bonnet Bellflower, Bastard Ginseng

Chinese Name: Dang Shen, Tang Shen, Tangsam


Cool Facts: Codonopsis is called "Poor Man's Ginseng." It can be used as a tasty, sweet energy tonic in food. Toss a few pieces into rice or put it into soups or teas.

Family: Campanulaceae

Energy: Moist, Slightly Warm

Taste: Sweet

Parts Used: Root

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Cordyceps sinensis photo

Latin Name: Cordyceps sinensis

Category: Adaptogen

Common Name: Cordyceps

Chinese Name: Dong Chong Xia Cao, Chong Cao


Family: Clavicipitaceae

Energy: Warm, Moist

Taste: Sweet, Slightly Acid

Parts Used: Mycelium

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Eleutherococcus senticosis photo

Latin Name: Eleutherococcus senticosis

Category: Adaptogen

Common Name: Eleuthero, Siberian Ginseng

Chinese Name: Ci Wu Jia


Family: Araliaceae

Energy: Slightly Warm, Neutral

Taste: Sweet, Slightly Bitter

Parts Used: Root, Stem Bark

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Latin Name: Emblica officinalis

Category: Adaptogen

Common Name: Emblic myrobalan, Indian Gooseberry

Sanskrit Name: Amla, Amalaki


Family: Euphorbiaceae

Energy: Cool, Dry

Taste: Sour, Sweet

Parts Used: Fruit

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Ganoderma lucidum photo

Latin Name: Ganoderma lucidum

Category: Adaptogen

Common Name: Reishi Mushroom

Chinese Name: Ling Zhi


Family: Ganodermataceae

Parts Used: Fungus

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Glycyrrhiza glabra photo

Latin Name: Glycyrrhiza glabra

Category: Adaptogen

Common Name: Licorice, Sweet wood, Sweet root, Turkish licorice

Chinese Name: Gan Cao

Sanskrit Name: Yashti-madhu, Yashti-madhuka


Family: Fabaceae

Energy: Moist, Slightly Warm

Taste: Sweet, Slightly Bitter

Parts Used: Root

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Glycyrrhiza uralensis photo

Latin Name: Glycyrrhiza uralensis

Category: Adaptogen

Common Name: Licorice, Chinese Licorice, Sweet Root

Chinese Name: Gan Cao

Sanskrit Name: Yashti-madhu, Yashti-madhuka


Family: Fabaceae

Energy: Moist, Slightly Warm

Taste: Sweet, Slightly Bitter

Parts Used: Root

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Latin Name: Lycium chinense--fruit

Category: Adaptogen

Common Name: Lycium Fruit, Wolfberry, Chinese Desert Thorn

Chinese Name: Gou Qi Zi


Family: Solanaceae

Energy: Slightly Warm, Neutral

Taste: Sweet

Parts Used: Fruit

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Latin Name: Morinda officinalis

Category: Adaptogen

Common Name: Morinda

Chinese Name: Ba Ji Tian


Family: Rubiaceae

Energy: Warm

Taste: Pungent, Sweet

Parts Used: Root

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Panax ginseng photo

Latin Name: Panax ginseng

Category: Adaptogen

Common Name: Chinese Ginseng, Asian Ginseng, Korean Ginseng

Chinese Name: Ren Shen


Family: Araliaceae

Energy: Warming, Slightly Moist

Taste: Sweet, Slightly Bitter

Parts Used: Root

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Panax quinquefolius photo

Latin Name: Panax quinquefolius

Category: Adaptogen

Common Name: American Ginseng, Sang, Seng

Chinese Name: Xi Yang Shen


Family: Araliaceae

Energy: Slightly Cool, Moist

Taste: Sweet, Bitter

Parts Used: Root, Leaf

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Latin Name: Pseudostellaria heterophylla

Category: Adaptogen

Common Name: Prince Seng, False Starwort, Pseudostellaria Root

Chinese Name: Tai Zi Shen


Family: Caryophyllaceae

Energy: Slightly Cool, Moist

Taste: Sweet, Slightly Bitter

Parts Used: Root

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Latin Name: Rhodiola rosea

Category: Adaptogen

Common Name: Rhodiola, Golden Root, Roseroot Stonecrop, Arctic Root

Chinese Name: Hong Jing Tian


Family: Crassulaceae

Energy: Cool, Dry

Taste: Sweet, Slightly Bitter, Spicy

Parts Used: Root

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Schisandra chinensis photo

Latin Name: Schisandra chinensis

Category: Adaptogen

Common Name: Chinese Magnolia Vine, Many-Flavored Berry

Chinese Name: Wu Wei Zi


Family: Magnoliaceae

Energy: Warm, Dry

Taste: Sour, Pungent, Sweet, Salty, Bitter

Parts Used: Fruit

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Latin Name: Schisandra sphenanthera

Category: Adaptogen

Common Name: S. Chinese Magnolia Vine

Chinese Name: Wu Wei Zi


Family: Magnoliaceae

Energy: Warm, Dry

Taste: Sour, Pungent, Sweet, Salty, Bitter

Parts Used: Fruit

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Latin Name: Tinospora cordifolia

Category: Adaptogen

Common Name: Heartleaf Moonseed

Sanskrit Name: Guduchi, Amrita


Family: Menispermaceae

Energy: Warm, Dry

Taste: Bitter

Parts Used: Stems/Leaves

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Latin Name: Rhaponticum carthamoides

Category: Adaptogen

Common Name: Maral Root


Family: Asteraceae

Energy: Cool

Taste: Bitter, Sweet

Parts Used: Root

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Gynostemma pentaphyllum photo

Latin Name: Gynostemma pentaphyllum

Category: Adaptogen, GreenhouseHerb

Common Name: Gynostemma, 5-Leaf Ginseng, Poor-Man's Ginseng, Southern Ginseng, Miracle Grass, Fairy Herb, Gospel Herb, Sweet Tea of the Vine, Immortality Herb, Jag

Chinese Name: Jiao Gu Lan, Jiaogulan, Xiancao, Xianxao, Amachazu


Cool Facts: Just pull up escapee stray vines for tea. It is said that people in southern China who drink the tea every day commonly live to 100 or more.

Family: Curcubitaceae

Energy: Neutral

Taste: Sweet, Slightly Bitter

Parts Used: Herb

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Ocimum tenuiflorum photo

Latin Name: Ocimum tenuiflorum

Synonyms: Ocimum sanctum

Category: Adaptogen, GreenhouseHerb, PreppersHerb

Common Name: Holy Basil

Sanskrit Name: Tulsi, Tulasi, Vishnu priya, Surasa


Cool Facts: Unlike most adaptogens where the root is used, Holy Basil works as an adaptogen without pulling up the plant. It helps relieve stress and balance the endocrine system. It helps diabetic metabolism return to balance. A relaxant that also helps clear the mind and protect and heal the nervous system, and also has antioxidant properties. A good plant to grow for Preppers, just to calm the mind in stressful times.

Family: Lamiaceae

Energy: Warm, Neutral

Taste: Pungent, Sweet

Parts Used: Herb

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Astragalus membranaceus photo

Latin Name: Astragalus membranaceus

Synonyms: Astragalus mongholicus

Category: Adaptogen, PreppersHerb

Common Name: Astragalus, Milk Vetch, Locoweed

Chinese Name: Huang Qi, Pak Kei


Family: Fabaceae

Energy: Slightly warm, Moist

Taste: Sweet

Parts Used: Rhizomes

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Ocimum gratissimum photo

Latin Name: Ocimum gratissimum

Synonyms: Ocimum viride

Category: Adaptogen, PreppersHerb

Common Name: Holy Basil, African Basil

Sanskrit Name: Tulsi, Tulasi, Vishnu priya, Surasa


Cool Facts: Unlike most adaptogens where the root is used, Holy Basil works as an adaptogen without pulling up the plant. It helps relieve stress and balance the endocrine system. It helps diabetic metabolism return to balance. A relaxant that also helps clear the mind and protect and heal the nervous system, and also has antioxidant properties. A good plant to grow for Preppers, just to calm the mind in stressful times.

Family: Lamiaceae

Energy: Warm, Neutral

Taste: Pungent, Sweet

Parts Used: Herb

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Withania somnifera photo

Latin Name: Withania somnifera

Category: Adaptogen, PreppersHerb

Common Name: Ashwagandha, Winter Cherry

Sanskrit Name: Ashwagandha


Family: Solanaceae

Energy: Warm, Dry

Taste: Bitter, Sweet

Parts Used: Roots

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Latin Name: Levisticum officinalis

Synonyms: Ligusticum levisticum

Category: Culinary

Common Name: Lovage


Family: Apiaceae

Parts Used: Leaves, stems, roots, seeds.

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Satureja hortensis photo

Latin Name: Satureja hortensis

Category: Culinary

Common Name: Summer Savory, Bean Herb


Family: Lamiaceae

Parts Used: Leaves

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Satureja montana photo

Latin Name: Satureja montana

Category: Culinary

Common Name: Winter Savory


Family: Lamiaceae

Parts Used: Leaves

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Latin Name: Petroselium crispum 'Flat Italian"

Category: Culinary

Common Name: Parsley, Italian Flat Parsley


Family: Apiaceae

Taste: Bitter

Parts Used: Leaves, seeds, roots.

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Latin Name: Satureja douglassii

Category: Culinary

Common Name: Yerba Buena


Family: Lamiaceae

Parts Used: Leaves

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Latin Name: Rumex acetosa

Category: Culinary

Common Name: Sorrel, Garden Sorrel

Sanskrit Name: Rugstyne


Family: Polygonaceae

Taste: Sour

Parts Used: Leaves

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Latin Name: Piper auritum

Category: Culinary, GreenhouseHerb

Common Name: Root Beer Plant, Hoja Santa, Eared Pepper, Cordoncillo, Anisillo, Santa Maria, False Kava, Hawaiian Sakau


Family: Piperaceae

Taste: Spicy

Parts Used: Leaves

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Latin Name: Ixora coccinea

Category: Evergreen tropical shrub

Common Name: Flame-of-the-Woods, Jungle Geranium, Rugmini, Eldboll


Common Uses: Leaves are used to treat diarrhea and dysentery in Indian tradition system of medicine, and water extracts may have some pain-killing properties. Tinctured root extracts have antibacterial and wound healing properties. The flowers have anti-cancer activity. The aerial part tinctures may have anti-fertility effects, both male and female.

Family: Rubiaceae

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Curcuma longa photo

Latin Name: Curcuma longa

Category: Greenhouse

Common Name: Turmeric, Indian Saffron, Yellow Ginger

Chinese Name: Jiang Huang

Sanskrit Name: Haridra, Nisha, Rajani


Family: Zingiberaceae

Energy: Warm, Dry

Taste: Bitter, Acrid, Pungent

Parts Used: Rhizome

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Cymbopogon citratus photo

Latin Name: Cymbopogon citratus

Category: Greenhouse Herb

Common Name: Lemon Grass, Fever Grass, West Indian Lemon Grass, Limocillo

Sanskrit Name: Sera


Family: Poaceae

Parts Used: Leaves, Oil

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Laurus nobilis photo

Latin Name: Laurus nobilis

Category: Greenhouse Herb

Common Name: Bay laurel


Family: Lauraceae

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Centella asiatica photo

Latin Name: Centella asiatica

Synonyms: Hydrocotyle asiactica

Category: GreenhouseHerb

Common Name: Gotu Kola, Indian Pennywort, Brahmi, Spadeleaf

Chinese Name: Luei Gong Gen

Sanskrit Name: Kula Kud, Mandukaparni


Family: Apiaceae

Energy: Cool, Moist

Taste: Mild Bitter

Parts Used: Whole Plant

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Latin Name: Melissa officinalis

Category: GreenhouseHerb

Common Name: Lemon Balm, Sweet Balm, Blue Balm, Dropsy Plant, Balm Mint, Sweet Mary


Family: Lamiaceae

Parts Used: Leaf

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Latin Name: Populus balsamifera

Synonyms: Populus candicans, Populus trichocarpa

Category: GreenhouseHerb

Common Name: Balm of Gilead, Balsam Poplar, Black Cottonwood


Family: Salicaceae

Energy: Hot, Dry (Buds); Cold, Dry (Bark)

Taste: Bitter, Pungent, Resinous (Buds); Bitter (Bark)

Parts Used: Buds, Bark

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Stevia rebaudiana photo

Latin Name: Stevia rebaudiana

Category: GreenhouseHerb

Common Name: Stevia


Family: Asteraceae

Taste: Sweet, Bitter

Parts Used: Herb

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Piper nigrum photo

Latin Name: Piper nigrum

Category: GreenhouseHerb

Common Name: Black Pepper, White Pepper

Sanskrit Name: Krishna, Vellaja, Maricha


Family: Piperaceae

Taste: Bitter

Parts Used: Fruit

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Zingiber officinale photo

Latin Name: Zingiber officinale

Category: GreenhouseHerb

Common Name: Ginger

Chinese Name: Gan Jiang, Sheng Jiang

Sanskrit Name: Ardraka, Nagara, Sunthi, Srungavera, Vishvabheshaj


Family: Zingiberaceae

Energy: Hot, Dry/Warm, Neutral

Taste: Pungent, Sweet

Parts Used: Root/Rhizome

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Latin Name: Bulbine frutescens

Category: GreenhouseHerb

Common Name: African bulbine


Family: Asphodelaceae

Parts Used: Leaves

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Artemisia absinthium photo

Latin Name: Artemisia absinthium

Category: Prepper's Herb

Common Name: Absinth Wormwood, Green Ginger


Family: Asteraceae

Parts Used: Leaves, Stems, Flowers

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Achillea millefolium photo

Latin Name: Achillea millefolium

Category: Prepper's Herb

Common Name: Yarrow, Milfoil, Bloodwort, Carpenter's Weed

Sanskrit Name: Biranjasipha


Family: Asteraceae

Energy: Neutral, Dry

Taste: Bitter, Pungent, Aromatic

Parts Used: Leaf, Flower

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Achyranthes bidentatae photo

Latin Name: Achyranthes bidentatae

Category: PreppersHerb

Common Name: Ox-Knee Root, Chaff Flower

Chinese Name: Huai Niu Xi


Family: Amaranthaceae

Energy: Neutral

Taste: Bitter, Sour

Parts Used: Root

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Albizia julibrissin photo

Latin Name: Albizia julibrissin

Category: PreppersHerb

Common Name: Mimosa Tree, Silk Tree, Collective Happiness Bark

Chinese Name: He Huan Pi, He Huan Hua


Common Uses: The Chinese name for mimosa translates into Collective Happiness Bark. Mimosa has excellent anti-depressant and anti-anxiety properties. It works particularly well for prolonged grief due to a severe loss, such as loss of a child. Bark can be made into a tea (steep for at least 45 minutes) or tincture. The flowers also have medicinal properties, but they are fragile and sour easily.

Family: Fabaceae

Energy: Neutral

Taste: Sweet

Parts Used: Bark, Flowers

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Andrographis paniculata photo

Latin Name: Andrographis paniculata

Category: PreppersHerb

Common Name: Andrographis, False Waterwillow, The Creat

Chinese Name: Chuan Xin Lian

Sanskrit Name: Chiretta, Chirayta, Kirata, Kiryat, Kalmegh, Kalamegha, Bhunimba, Yavatikta


Cool Facts: Andrographis ought to be on top of any Texas Preppers list of herbs to grow, just in case. This is an easy-to-grow plant with lots of medicinal uses. It helps with colds and flus and can help with liver problems and intestinal complaints. Some say the people in India faired better during the 1918 flu epidemic because of regular use of this herb. This King of the Bitters herb is wonderful for clearing heat from the blood, for everything from urinary tract infections and pneumonias to multiple boils. It has been shown to counteract the bacterial antibiotic resistance pumps, so it can work with antibiotics to help clear really difficult-to-treat infections. Top of the list...just in case.

Family: Acanthaceae

Energy: Cold, Dry

Taste: Bitter (King of the Bitters)

Parts Used: Leaves.

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Aloe vera photo

Latin Name: Aloe vera

Synonyms: Aloe barbadensis

Category: PreppersHerb, GreenhouseHerb

Common Name: Aloe Vera, Barbados Aloe

Chinese Name: Lu Hui

Sanskrit Name: Ghrita-kumari, Kumari, Kanya


Cool Facts: This is probably second on the list to grow for Preppers, after Andrographis. Topically, it is wonderful for all kinds of skin things, burns, scrapes, itchy rashes. Internally it helps with a lot of gut issues. Second on the list.

Family: Aloaceae

Taste: Bitter

Parts Used: Leaves

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Latin Name: Wisteria frutescens

Synonyms: Wisteria macrostachya, Kraunhia frutescens, Kraunhia macrostachya

Category: Texas-native

Common Name: Texas Wisteria, Kentucky Wisteria, American Wisteria, Woody Wisteria, Virgin's Bower


Family: Fabaceae

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Latin Name: Abrus precatorius

Category: Toxic

Common Name: Jequerity, Rosary Pea, Crab's Eyes, Precatory Bean, Coral Pea, Indian Licorice


Family: Fabaceae

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Aconitum carmichaeli photo

Latin Name: Aconitum carmichaeli

Category: Toxic

Common Name: Monkshood Flowers, Processed Chinese Aconite

Chinese Name: Dan Fu Zi


Family: Ranunculaceae

Energy: Hot, Dry

Taste: Acrid

Parts Used: Lateral Roots

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Conium maculatum photo

Latin Name: Conium maculatum

Category: Toxic

Common Name: Poison Hemlock


Family: Apiaceae

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Latin Name: Tripterygium wilfordii

Category: Toxic

Common Name: Thunder God Vine, Seven Steps to Death

Chinese Name: Lei Gong Teng, Lei-Kung T'eng


Common Uses: Used in China for diseases not readily responsive to Western medicine such as alopecia, hyperthyroidism, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosis and thrombocytic purpura.

Family: Celastraceae

Parts Used: Skinned root

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